Jantar Mantar in Jaipur

The Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, Rajasthan

by Vedika Soni
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Jantar Mantar in Jaipur


The Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, Rajasthan

The greatest astronomical observatory for determining and tracking celestial object positions is Jantar Mantar in Jaipur. In India, there are five other similar observatories. One of the most intriguing and distinctive sites in all of Jaipur’s tourist attractions is the Jantar Mantar. Visitors of all ages who are in Jaipur can learn a lot from this stunning monument. The Jantar Mantar’s history in Jaipur

The most distinctive and well-known historical attraction in Jaipur is the Jantar Mantar, which is situated across from the city palace. Sawai Jai Singh II, a Rajput monarch, constructed it in 1734. Astrology was one of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II’s favorite subject areas to study. He was an enthusiastic student. The largest stone sundial in the world may be seen at Jantar Mantar (Jaipur), which also houses 19 devices for keeping track of celestial objects in the sky.

The Jantar Mantar’s Architectural Design

The majestic architecture of Jantar Mantar is unique in the entire world. The indigenous bricks, marbles, stones, and mortars were used to build the complete observatory. There are a total of 19 instruments at the Jantar Mantar Observatory that may be used to measure

The top 9 yantras (instruments) are described here in detail.

 Inside the Jantar Mantar Observatory:

1.Ram Yantra

ram yantra. tripowe.com

Another distinctive tool for determining the position of any celestial object is the Rama Yantra in Jantar Mantar. It aids in positioning both during the day and at night. It lines up the top of the pillar’s shadow with the ground or a wall. Among the 19 instruments created by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, it is one of the more potent yantras.

2.Vrihat Samrat Yantra

Jantar Mantar in Jaipur

The Vrihat Smarat yantra (Jantar Mantar) is a massive sundial that uses the shadow cast by the sun to estimate local time with a precision of 2 seconds. According to legend, Sawai Jai Singh created the Samrat Yantra, the Ram Yantra, and the Jay Prakash Yantra inside Jantar Mantar (Jaipur).

3.The Jaya Prakash Yantra

Jantar Mantar in Jaipur

Although rather complicated, the Jay Prakash Yantra is the most precise tool. It is a hemispherical instrument with a bowl-like shape that is separated into two halves and covered with marble slabs that have readings that further divide it into minutes and seconds. It is claimed that Jay Prakash would be covered last, making it a potent and well-corrected tool. The twelve zodiacs’ information is covered by the marble slabs that are part of the structure.

4.The Karti Vritya Yantra

Karti Vritya Yantra. tripowe

Two brass circle

s that represent the Karnti Vritya Yantra are utilized to calculate the celestial latitude and longitude. These rings can rotate in two different planes: the ecliptic and the plane of the equator.

5 .Chakra Yantra

chakra yantra. tripowe

The chakra yantra consists of two stone pillars with frames. The materials used to construct the pillars ensure that seasonal variations have no impact on their readings. They are composed of seven various alloys with graduated scales ranging from 0 to 360 degrees. These spherical objects are rotated so that they point in the direction of the poles and travel parallel to the axis of the earth.

6.Laghu Samrat Yantra,

Laghu Samrat Yantra. tripowe

The little sundial used to determine the time in Jaipur is called the laughu samrat yantra. However, because of its measuring size, the determined time is less accurate than Samrat Yantra. Two of the instrument’s quadrants, each divided into 6 hours, 6 minutes, and each minute by 60 seconds, are used to determine the sun’s declination angle. The instrument is inclined at an angle of 27 degrees Celsius, which is the same as Jaipur’s latitude.

7.The Diganasa Yantra

Diganasa Yantra. tripowe

Utilizing a pillar in the center of two co-centric outer rings, the Diganasa instrument measures the times of sunrise and sunset. It aids in accurate celestial body forecasting forecasts.

8.Nadi Valaya Yantra,

Nadi Valaya Yantra. tripowe

The Jantar Mantar’s Nadi Valaya instrument is used to measure the precise times of the day in less than a minute. It is accomplished with the aid of two plates that are aligned with the equator and face north and south, representing the two hemispheres of Earth that are always parallel to it.

9.Daksino Bhitti Yantra,

Daksino Bhitti Yantra. tripowe

The instrument is made up of two white marble arcs that have varying degrees and minutes of gradation on them. It is primarily used to observe the heights of heavenly bodies and is used to measure the many minute readings. The arcs are mostly made of white marble and are graduated in both minutes and degrees. The stairs are designed to allow one to go very near to the graduation so that calculations and minute readings can be measured accurately. Short pegs are fastened in the middle of the quadrants and semicircle. The instrument’s primary application is for observing the various heavenly bodies’ inclinations. The higher end of the arc that indicates altitude can be used to take the reading. Every day, pay attention to the shadow to determine the sun’s maximum and minimum direct point distance.

10.Unnatamsa Yantra,

Unnatamsa Yantra. tripowe

Another tool for determining the altitude of celestial bodies is this one. It consists of a metal ring with a hole in the center that is divided into four sections by horizontal and vertical lines. In order to track the motion of celestial objects, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II constructed this Jantar Mantar. The many tools used here serve a variety of functions, from telling the time to determining the size and distance of celestial planets. The Jantar Mantar of Jaipur is a monument to a scientific way of thinking that was not widely accepted at the time, making the Maharaja’s efforts all the more commendable.

Therefore, it follows that the thought-provoking Jantar Mantar should not be missed by any visitor to Jaipur. Before you travel, make sure you have enough knowledge on Jantar Mantar.

Getting to Jantar Mantar

One of the most visited sights in Jaipur is Jantar Mantar. Its design is exceedingly imposing and majestic, bearing witness to the great Rajput king Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh’s desire and thirst for knowledge.

It is full of intricately crafted gadgets that aid in telling the time and teaching simple facts about the positions of the stars and planets. Among other outstanding structures, this spectacular collection also contains the largest stone sundial in the world. For those who live and breathe science, Jantar Mantar is simple to get to as one of the city’s most well-known tourist attractions.

The City Palace gates in Jaipur are quite close to Jantar Mantar, which is situated in the very center of the city. The distance between the international airport and Jantar Mantar Jaipur, which is located in a popular tourist center of the city, is only 20 minutes.

The Tripoliya Bajar and Badi Chopar bus stops are the best places to disembark for interstate bus passengers because Jantar Mantar is nearby. Otherwise, travelers can get around the stunning city of Jaipur using cabs, cycle rickshaws, and auto-rickshaws.

Jantar Mantar Jaipur Entrance Fee

Indian visitors to Jaipur’s Jantar Mantar must pay a Rs 50 admission fee, while foreign tourists must pay a Rs 200 entry fee. After presenting a valid form of identification, students may purchase Jantar Mantar tickets at a discounted rate of Rs. 15 for Indian citizens and Rs. 100 for foreigners. Adults and older persons alike must pay the same entrance price to Jantar Mantar.


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